India on Monday completed its nuclear triad as N-capable INS-Arihant successfully completed its first deterrence patrol. India is now capable to launch the nuclear strike from air, land, and water. Prime Minister Narendra Modi made the announcement. The other two components in this triad are Mirage-2000s to launch nuclear strikes from air and Agni Ballistic Missiles to launch from land.
In a not-so-direct message to Pakistan, PM Modi said, “In an era such as this, a credible nuclear deterrence is the need of the hour. The success of INS Arihant gives a fitting response to those who indulge in nuclear blackmail.”
He congratulated the SSBN crew and also spoke about maintaining peace in the region. “Today is historic because it marks the completing of the successful establishment of the nuclear triad. India’s nuclear triad will be an important pillar of global peace and stability. The success of INS Arihant enhances India’s security needs. It is a major achievement for our entire nation.”
PM Modi added that INS Arihant’s capabilities are a contributor to peace and not a threat. “India is a land of peace. Values of togetherness are enshrined in our culture. Peace is our strength, not our weakness. Our nuclear program must be seen with regard to India’s efforts to further world peace and stability,” he said.
INS Arihant can stay hidden in the deep sea for months. Its endurance is limited by the physical and mental endurance of its crew. It is armed with K-15 missiles having a range of 750 km range. It has given immense power to the nation to launch a retaliatory strike in case of need.
The timing of the launch is critical eyeing the increasing prowling of Chinese Submarine in the Indian Ocean Region. For the past years, China has deployed around eight submarines in the IOR in the name of Anti-piracy Patrols.
The INS Arihant is a baby if compared to Submarine Launched Ballistic Missiles of US, Russia, and China having 5000 km range. But it is a step towards the more advanced technology, India is building. India’s second SSBN, INS Arighat is under construction in Vizag. It was launched in November last year. It is expected to be operational by 2020. In this row, two 7000 tonne submarines are also expected to be launched. These are code-named as S-4 and S-4*. Unlike INS Arihant and INS Arighat, having four missiles each, the S-4 and S-4* will be equipped with six missiles each.